Since blood cholesterol is waxy and cannot dissolve in water, it is carried through the blood in packages called lipoproteins.
–High density lipoprotein (HDL)
- Removes plaque
–low density lipoprotein (LDL)
How can we take this information to improve our health?
- Eating too many foods high in saturated fat may increase blood levels of LDL and total cholesterol.
- High blood levels of LDL and total cholesterol are risk factors for heart disease.
- Eating foods high in monounsaturated fatty acids may help lower LDL cholesterol levels and decrease risk of heart disease.
- Eating polyunsaturated fats in place of saturated fats decreases LDL cholesterol levels.
- Trans fatty acids act like saturated fats and raise LDL cholesterol levels. They may also lower HDL cholesterol in the blood.